How Zhou Enlai has built a central red traffic line
Zhou Enlai is the founder of the Central Red Transportation of our Party during the Soviet section.After the failure of the revolution, the Party’s 87 conference decided to gradually establish a national secret traffic network.In June 1928, the Sixth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held, 上海干磨水磨 and the General Assembly proposed future tasks: "We must strive to expand the rural revolutionary base, develop the Red Army, implement the land revolution, and establish Soviet regime.
"After the party’s six major, the revolutionary situation in China has changed greatly. There have been many red Soviet areas with armed depreciation as the main characteristics.
Western Yuxi, the southern Suba area is one of the largest area in the country, and combined into a central Soviet area.
The red traffic line from the Shanghai Party Central Committee to the Central Soviet Union is essential in all traffic lines across the country, and the role is very significant, known as the central red traffic line. The establishment of the central red traffic line was earlier in 1929, with the booming of the Sanxi Land revolutionary struggle, far in Shanghai’s party central authorities also realized that the links between Zhu Maohong Jun were very important.
On December 22, the Standing Committee of the Central Committee, the Organizational Minister, and the military minister Zhou En came to represent the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the Cantonese, Yin and Zhu Maohong Jun, and the Western Red Army issued a "separate instruction". Red Army, Zhu Maohong Jun set up an independent transportation network. This transportation network can solve the Dragon Army and Jiangxi or Guangdong’s contact issues, you can solve your contact with the Red Army and the Red Army and the Central Committee. " In order to strengthen the link between the Party Central Committee and the Alliance, the revolutionary base area, the central government put forward the idea of ??establishing an independent transportation network in the Fujian Yue Yinsu District, which is responsible for the responsibility of the military, organizes the secret transportation network, planned to open the northern part, the Yangtze River, South Three main transportation lines, connect the central and revolutionary bases. Zhou Enlai has picked up this burden without hesitation. In the spring of 1930, Mao Zedong and Fujian Provincial Committee, the Secretary of the Red Fourth Army, the Communist Party of China, and the military committee secretary of the military committee, and the important transportation of the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee, Li Pei, also reached Shanghai, and agreed with the Party Central Traffic Sector. Hong Kong, Western Establishment of Traffic Stations and other issues. In late September, the Third Plenary Session of the Sixth CPC held in Shanghai. At the meeting, Zhou Enlai made a "report on the converged international resolution", emphasized that "to consolidate the existing Soviet area, unite the scattered Soviet area, concentrate on the leadership of the Red Army, launch a wider farmers, establish the central Soviet The government "," should "immediately set up the Central Bureau in the Central Soviet Union to guide the organization of the Soviet region, at the same time, and establish a military committee in the Soviet Union with the military command of the unified Soviet area, and instructive" in order to consolidate, develop and expand The Soviet Union and the Red Army, to mobilize 60% of the cadres to the Soviet area; in accordance with the Measures for the Soviet Civil War, establish the relationship between the transportation and transportation stations, the joints and white regions. " At the Shanghai Party Central Organs, Zhou Enlai personally met Lu Yixi, indicating that it has established a specific plan for the establishment of "Industrial and Agriculture News Agency" as a civilian red traffic line to open up secret red traffic lines. Under the direct leadership of Zhou Enlai, the Central Traffic Bureau opened a downward transportation line from Shanghai to the central Soviet area of ??Jiangxi. In the main port, station, the station has set up a transportation station. These transportation stations are subject to important personnel by the party’s leadership, and the whole process is approximately 3,000 kilometers.
Because the distance is far away, the Kuomintang reactionary forces are constantly blocking, discovers, and set up many transportation small sites on the transportation, which is convenient for attention, support. In the fall of 1930, Lu Yixi came back from Shanghai and conveyed Zhou Enlai. In the Qianxi Yongding Golden Sand Ancient Muxi officially established the "Western Industrial and Agriculture News Agency", and the provincial counties have established branches, and the machine should be transported. In July, under the direct hosted of Zhou Enlai, the Central Military Commission Traffic Station was established.
In November, the military committee transportation station changed to the central political bureau, and made a committee for the Transportation Bureau, from Zhou Enlai, to Zhongfa (post-rebellious), Li Li San, Yu Zehong and Wu Defeng as a committee, Wu Defei is the transfer of traffic, Chen Gang is deputy director, and the central diplomacy UNCIMICE, set the large station, medium station, small station, main task is to open the traffic line of the Soviet area and arrange the strict national transportation network. After the establishment of the Transportation Bureau, under the instructions of Zhou Enlai, with a great determination, from the provinces, the provinces, the three months, and opened the traffic line leading to the Soviet area.
So, the Yangtze River, the North, and the South 3 traffic station lines were officially established. Among them, the northern part is divided into 3 rough lines: Shanghai – Zhengzhou – Zhumadian – 豫 皖 区; Shanghai – Henan – Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee; Shanghai – Beiping, contact Hebei Provincial Party Committee.
The Yangtze River is divided into 3 branch lines: Shanghai – Hefei – Liu’an – Eu Yuzu District; Shanghai Railing Boat – Wuhan – Zhuzhou, entered the Xiangyu District; Shanghai – Chongqing – Chengdu, contact Sichuan Provincial Party Committee. The South is divided into four branch lines (where the top 3 lines have been damaged by the enemy): Shanghai – Hong Kong – Nanxiong – Jiangxi; Shanghai – Hong Kong – Shantou – Huanggang – Rao Hespu – 西; Shanghai – Hong Kong – Shantou – Trow安 – 松口 – 县 – 蕉岭 – 平 远 – 江西; Shanghai – Hong Kong – Shantou – Chaoan – Tai Po – Yongding Tiger Gang entered Ruijin, Changda thousand miles. The South is also known as the South China Line or "Central Korea, Tingjiang Line", the central red traffic line that is often said in the historiography.
There are two water lines in the early days of the transportation line, there are two water routes from Shanghai – Hong Kong – Shantou, along Hanjiang River Board – Tai Po Sanhe Dam, turn THANG Zi Yang, to Qingxi Tiger Tiger City Headsha, walk through the multi-Poke, Yangmen, Party, Tiekeng, and Bolong, enter Fujian Yongding Taokeng, after Shanghang, Changting to Jiangxi, Ruijin; Lu Rou, Shanghai – Hong Kong – Shantou, Raise Huanggang to Feng Yan and village in the Soviet area in the eastern Tai Po, entered Fujian Yongding, and arrived in Jiangxi Ruijin by Shanghang and Changting.
Transportants are the party’s loyalty, and the tasks are extremely important.
At that time, Zhou Enlai pointed out that the transportation Director Wu Defeng said that the choice of the transportation staff should comply with several principles. First, the party is 上海徐汇区罗秀路全套 long, and the politics is firm and reliable; secondly, there is a rich experience in the enemy struggle, the alarm is flexible, the gun method is accurate; , The body is robust, can be competent for a long journey; in the end, he also pays special plus, there must be a certain culture, the memory is strong – in order to reduce the risk, the passage of many documents and information is "paperless", often asking businesses Remind the transferred files.