How to fight "distributed sea battle"

  On July 28, the local time, Australia Queensland, Australia, and the United States, the United States, the United States, the United States, joint training continued to hold. Visual China’s views of the United States have taken place to visit the government, and the main leaders of the Ministry of Defense and the participation will have repeatedly expressed that in the face of a new opponent, the United States must seek new ways of operation.

Austin, Minister of Defense, proposed that the United States will carry out the next war in a completely different ways in the past, and he urges the US military to work in the direction of "faster, more innovative".

Hyton, Vice President of the Participation.

In this context, "distributed maritime fighting" has become the focus of the US military.

  The theoretical source of "Distributed Maritime" is from the "Distributed Network Competer – The Basis of Network Battle" of Jeff Kelles, US Navy. In the book, the author proposes a new concept of "distributed networking troops", and unmanned ships, radar, sonar, communication systems, etc., and unmanned ships and carrier drones.

  According to this theory, the US Navy War School proposed "distributed killing" concept of "distributed anti-injury to the enemy) in 2014. In January 2015, the US Navy Water Square Commander Thomas Roden issued the paper "Distributed Kill – Refueling Sea Right".

In June of the same year, the US Navy established a "distributed anti-injury" special working group, and the way to demonstrate this operational concept. In 2016, the US Navy released the "Strategic Design" document "Maintaining the Advantages of Maritime", establishing "Distributed Maritime" as the new combat concept of Navy.

In the "Huan Pacific" military exercise and the other two drills, the new combat concept was preliminy. In 2017, the US Navy will rise "distributed anti-injury" in the "Water Tuning Strategy", the core combat concept of "seize the ocean control", which is expressed as: "By increasing the offense and defense capabilities of single ship, in vast The sea area is deployed in a dispersed formation to form a distributed firepower.

"This description is abbreviated as:" All ships fight.

"In December 2018, Richardson, the US Navy Combat, said," Distributed Maritime "is the top-level combat concept for the US Navy.

In the same year, the United States, the United States, the Navy, the Air Force, 25 Air Travel, the 16th Aviation Brigade, the 94th Aerial and Missile Defense Command, and the Australian and other countries, drills the "distributed" distribution of multi-country forces and multi-military Maritime fighting.

  On June 4, 2020, at the hearing held by the Military Commission of the US House, the US Navy Combat Minister Gairi Luo Hainide and other heavyweight characters believe that unmanned ship, unmanned dairy, drone aircraft carrier, etc. The distributed formation is the key and priority options in the future power structure of the US Navy, and "Distributed Maritime" is its way of operation. It is important to follow the definition of the US Navy "Water Tuning Strategy", the goal of "distributed maritime" is "to obtain a sea power in our choice."

It will be "distributed maritime operations" is defined as: "the deployment of combat forces dispersed in a wide range of space, multiple domains and combat all kinds of carrying on the platform, to obtain and maintain control of the seas must be operational capability." The core concept is hidden, dispersed, the flexibility to deploy a large number of strong offensive capability of surface ships, forcing the opponent to diversify its detection and fire resources, making it impossible to focus on one’s own sensors and firepower of a small number of large ships, thus maximizing one’s own assault capability, break through opponents defenses and defeat the enemy.

  Understanding "Distributed maritime operations", need to grasp the three points.

First, the information fusion, the need to strengthen support networks and cutting-edge information fusion capability. Subject to the level of development of technology and equipment, the US Navy can only be achieved initially focus on data collection and dispersion of the distribution of information around the task force can only be collected converge to the rear of the processing center through the network, until the results back from the processing center after a front-line troops to respond.

  In the case of this ever-changing battlefield information, greatly reduces the timeliness, it may result in adversely affected by aircraft.

Network development and information processing technology, making cutting-edge server and the information processing center deployments possible to improve the accuracy and efficiency of naval combat systems for information processing, as a "distributed Maritime Operations" provides a powerful technical support.

  Secondly, in the intelligent control, intelligent technology and operations must be coordinated to achieve a breakthrough combination of command and control. Adding "Distributed maritime operations" of combat forces and combat platforms from different branches of the Navy, including manned platforms and unmanned platforms, combat platform and security platform, the platform surface and underwater platforms along, work together to achieve them through the information network. In this case, manual coordination, collaborative tasks and other traditional methods can not meet the needs of cooperative, collaborative applications essential to the intelligent adaptive technology.

  Finally, on the integration of operational functions, we must fight to achieve cross-domain multi-functional integration. On the one hand, it must be integrated into the traditional kinetic operations, such as integrated air and missile defense and on the fight against sea and other; on the other hand, also into non-kinetic operations, such as intelligence, surveillance, 上海女自带工作室 reconnaissance, deception.

Operational integration is not a function of kinetic and non-kinetic operations simple sum, but the delivery platform, weapons, sensors and other restructuring and dynamic grouping, diversify the comprehensive combat capability, integrated, focused, maximized in order to achieve "distribution offshore operations "in a unified platform for combat and combat effects of dispersion concentration, reached a" God-shaped scattered together, "operational effectiveness. Biden trend continued government Trump government of "national security strategy" and in the "national defense strategy" Chinese and Russian geo-strategic positioning as a "primary competitor", but with the way things Trump different government alone, thanks Gordon greater emphasis on government and allies to contain China 最新上海鸡微信群 together.

This is bound to affect the development of the US concept of "distributed naval operations." First, targeted distinct.

Recently, the US military and allied forces launched intensive military exercises, "the Pacific fortress -2021" joint military exercises the US Navy Pacific Fleet Command and facilities undertaken jointly, designed to assess the US military command and control capabilities, as well as emergency response in the Indian-Pacific region of the US ability. "Large-scale exercise -2021" joint military exercises the US Navy held August 3 to 16, to around Verification "distributed operations at sea," "offshore operations against the environment" and concept of operations launched to explore adaptation "Indian-Pacific strategy "the new combat methods and tactics in the context. Second, 上海水磨iso the offensive highlights. "Distributed maritime operations" is a typical offensive operations.

In the "Distributed killer – back command of the sea," the US Navy released and "water army strategy" and other strategic documents, "pre-emptive" and "encourage offensive" is the basic principle of the United States Navy, "distributed maritime war".

  Which adapts to the US Navy’s main combat support to the defensive style of aggressive change. US Navy surface ships had troops mainly responsible for escorting the aircraft carrier, missile defense and launch the "Tomahawk" cruise missile attacks such as the implementation of "defensive support" mission, but in a "distributed naval operations", the surface ship force will be equipped to attack and anti-ship type "harpoon" and "Tomahawk" missiles, and will improve the "standard 6" air defense missile anti-ship missiles, to form a strong offensive missile capability. The third is to strengthen the integration. Currently, the integrated joint operations has become a basic form of warfare, advances in technology to a large extent blurred the boundaries of the armed services, which contributed to the Navy based "Distributed maritime operations" in the objective to compete for the armed forces. " distributed network Operation "development.

  At the same time, the US military "distributed maritime operations," the union expanded from the US armed services to coalition forces.

US and allies recently launched the "Pacific fortress -2021" exercise, "Body Saber" exercise, "Allies joint operations" exercise, not only to verify a "distributed maritime operations" under the concept of multi-domain fighting background, but also to verification of integrated joint operational capabilities of the armed forces in multinational operations. However, the military field full of uncertainty and confrontational.

"Distributed maritime operations" can not escape "allelopathy" and "This strong he is weak," the iron law. Anyway strengthen the combat capability of a single combat platform, the strength of the other can not be avoided, the big easy to find the target and destroy, the ability to target small and inadequate. At the same time, whether it is between UCAV and control system, or the armed services was fighting platform, or military combat platforms in different countries and between the command and control system, implement joint operations must rely on wireless communication means, and wireless communication weakness is prone to natural interference and mutual interference. Once disturbed because mutual interference and loss of interconnection, decentralized operational platform will be a group of "without a head." Therefore, "distributed maritime operations" in effect exactly how "great power competition" military confrontation remains to be seen. (Author: National University of Defense Information and Communication Technology) Muyu Huai Source: China Youth Daily.